(For the Japanese version of this article)

Leadership Program (FY2007) Theme: Heritage of Industrial Modernization in Japan [November 27-30, 2007]

Leadership Program (FY2007) Theme: Heritage of Industrial Modernization in Japan


Outline


In recent years, a move towards appreciation and effective utilization of Japan’s industrial heritage is gathering momentum. The municipal government and regional development organizations, in particular, discovered the value of their industrial heritage as a means to cultivate new industries and create employment opportunities. In response to this, the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) has selected 33 case studies on the industrial heritage and is promoting their preservation and utilization as an effective measure for regional economic revitalization.
There are, however, some obstacles to overcome. These include inadequate standard of recognizing heritage of industrial modernization, no established effective preservation method, and lack of foundation to fully utilize these assets. To help address these challenges, IIST invited specialists from Germany, France, and the UK, where their heritages of industrial modernization are well preserved. Through a conduct of a study tour, these experts were introduced to some of the examples of industrial heritage of Japan. Based on their understanding and their own experiences, they shared their ideas for overcoming the challenges with the Japanese experts at the workshop and symposium.

The program consisted of the following four components with different collaborators:
1) IIST-Asia Industrial Tour in Aichi
Organizers:Institute for International Studies and Training
Sponsors:Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry

2) IIST Industrial Tour in TOMIOKA
Organizers:Institute for International Studies and Training

3) IIST Workshop on the Preservation and Utilization of the Heritage of Industrial Modernization in EU and Japan
Organizers:Institute for International Studies and Training

4) Symposium on Heritage of Industrial Modernization in Japan
Organizers:Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry and the Institute for International Studies and Training
Co-hosts: Nikkei Inc. and NHK (Japan Broadcasting Corporation)
Sponsors:The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan, Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism, Agency for Cultural Affairs, and Yokohama City

Date: November 27(Tuesday)-30(Friday), 2007
Places:
Nagoya, Handa, and Anjo, Aichi Prefecture (November 27 to 28)
Tomioka, Gunma Prefecture (November 29)
Yokoyama, Kanagawa Prefecture (November 30)


Invited participants


4persons (For details, please see bottom of page.)


Overview


IIST-Asia Industrial Tour in Aichi (November 27 and November 28)
The group visited Aichi Prefecture and the surrounding area for study of representative industrial heritage related to manufacturing and toured the Horikawa Canal and Nagoya Port Cruising, Noritake Garden, TOYOTA Commemorative Museum of Industry and Technology, the Mitsukan Museum of Vinegar, and Denso Takatana Plant.
Diplomats from Asian countries posted to Tokyo also joined this study tour for them to deepen appreciation of some of the Japanese industrial heritage.
The experts from Europe expressed that they were very impressed by the group of industrial heritage sites in Aichi Prefecture and the surrounding area, and the TOYOTA Commemorative Museum of Industry and Technology received especially high praise, such as "It is an unparalleled museum that exhibits not only the past but also the future."


IIST Industrial Tour in TOMIOKA ( November 29)
In cooperation with the World Heritage Registration Promotion Office of Gunma Prefecture, the group visited the Tomioka area to study a cluster of silk industry heritage sites. The silk was one of the pioneering industries for modernization of traditional manufacturing in Japan.
After visiting the Usui Railway, which was the first "Abt system" railway and played an important role in transportation of silk products, the group visited the Tomioka Silk Mill, one of the largest yarn making factories in the world at that time. The mill is the only governmental factory in Japan that has been preserved without any damage. They visited a silk reeling building, a "timber-framed brick building," a cocoon storehouse, etc. The participants were able to appreciate not only the architectural value of the Tomioka Silk Mill and group of silk industrial heritage sites, but also recognized their historic value of the roles of silk industry, which promoted Japanese modernization and development of East-West trade.
Finally, they visited the filature of the Usui Cooperative Society, which is the only unionized filature, and observed the area where silk is actually being made. The participants learned that the silk industry is still playing an important role in the area.


IIST Workshop on preservation and utilization of the heritage of industrial modernization in EU and Japan (November 30)
IIST conducted a workshop in which experts in the industrial heritage of the EU and Japan introduced examples of utilization of industrial heritage in their respective countries, and exchanged opinions.

Workshop Coordinator:
Mr. Keiichi SHIMIZU, Chief, Center of the History of Japanese Industrial Technology, National Museum of Nature and Science

European experts:
-Prof. Louis Bergeron (France), Professor, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Paris (Institute for Advanced Studies in Social Science)
-Dr. Anke Kuhrmann (Germany), Research Associate, Department of Conservation, Technical University of Brandenburg
-Mr. Keith Falconer (UK), Head of Industrial Archaeology, English Heritage
-Mr. Hans-Dieter Collinet (Germany), Director for Urban Development Department, Ministry of Building and Transport of the Federal State of Northrine-Westfalia

Japanese experts:
-Mr. Takeshi Furuya, Director for Regional Promotion Planning, Regional Economic and Industrial Policy Group, Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI)
-Mr. Akira Chouno, Director, Research Department, Japan Productivity Center for Socio-Economic Development
-Ms. Makiko Akasaki, President, A-Works Co., Ltd., /Visiting Fellow Chubu University

The EU experts introduced varieties of examples. These included 1) the North Ruhr Region, a former industrial area, 2) the “International Building Exhibition Emscher Park,” as an example of revitalizing the Emscher region, 3) Lausitz lignite mining area that was turned into a resort area (Germany), 4) Ironbridge, which was the first World Heritage Site registered as an extensive industrial landscape, 5) Albert Dock in Liverpool, a successful example of reconstruction and recycling of a group of warehouses, and 6) the Great Western Railway Works, a development in the Swindon area (Britain). They also presented examples of preservation efforts by the governmental institutions and shared the major potential benefits that industrial heritage could provide (such as they can lead to an economic effect and improve the image of the city environment; France).
The Japanese experts, in turn, introduced 33 case studies on heritage of industrial modernization and the government efforts in preservation and utilization of industrial heritage sites, as an importance drive to carry down the historic information in a region (the contents of the "Industrial Heritage Navigator" and "industrial tourism in Aichi -Craftsmanship in Japan-" web pages). They also stressed the importance of the developing of these heritages for a new tourism industry to shape the values of consumers (the Tomioka Silk Mill in Tomioka, Gunma, Otaru Canal in Otaru, Hokkaido, etc.).
The visiting experts provided useful suggestions to the Japanese experts during the workshop on preservation and utilization of industrial heritage sites. They recognized that the problems are the same in Japan as they are in Europe.


Symposium on Heritage of Industrial Modernization in Japan (November 30)
METI and IIST co-organized the symposium, held at the Yokohama Red Brick Warehouse in Yokohama.
In the Opening ceremony, announcement was made on the recognition of approximately 450 locations and 33 case studies selected as industrial heritage that played an important role in Japan’s modernization. During the ceremony, Mr. Akira Amari, METI Minister, handed over the certificates and plaques to the representatives of the heritage sites.
In the keynote address of the 2nd session, Mr. Hans-Dieter Collinet introduced as “Emscher Park” in the Ruhr industrial area in which industrial heritage sites were turned into tourism resources. Additionally, Mr. Keiichi Shimizu reported about the outcome of the industrial heritage study tours in the Aichi and Tomioka areas and the workshop.
In a panel discussion, the Japanese experts exchanged opinions concerning measures for preservation and utilization of industrial heritage from the standpoint of regional development.


Tour of Tomioka Silk Mill

Tour of Tomioka Silk Mill

Exchange of opinions at the workshop

Exchange of opinions at the workshop


Invited participants


1. Mr. Hans-Dieter COLLINET (Germany)
First Assistant Secretary for Urban Development
Ministry of Building and Transport of the Federal State of Northrine-Westfalia


2. Dr. Anke KUHRMANN (Germany)
Research Associate
Department of Conservation
Technical University of Brandenburg

3. Prof. Louis BERGERON (France)
Professor
Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Paris (Institute for Advanced Studies in Social Science)

4. Mr. Keith FALCONER (UK)
Head of Industrial Archaeology
English Heritage


International Exchange Dept.

(For the Japanese version of this article)


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